EPHESUS

EPHESUS, Greek city on the W. coast of Asia Minor, at the mouth of the River Cayster. Ephesus had an important Jewish community in the first century and its beginning apparently goes back to the early Hellenistic era. Information about it is found chiefly in Josephus, but also in Philo, in inscriptions, and Acts. What is perhaps the earliest information about the Jews of Ephesus appears in Josephus (Apion, 2:39) referring to antiochus ii . Josephus also mentions a decree of the consul Lentulus in 49 B.C.E. concerning the Jews. Ephesus played an exceptionally important role in the history of early Christianity, and its main importance in Jewish history is in the opposition of the Jewish community to Paul's missionary activity there. Paul laid the foundation of the first Christian community   in Ephesus against the vehement opposition of the local Jews and the non-Jews who were worshipers of Artemis (Acts 19, and the Epistle to the Ephesians). Paul disputed his critics in the hall of Tyrannus within the city (Acts 19:9), but the whereabouts of this location have not been discovered during excavations at the site. With the rise of Christianity throughout the Roman Empire, Ephesus became one of the most important centers of the new religion. The third Ecumenical Council was held there in 431 C.E. With the political change during the sixth and seventh centuries in Asia Minor, Ephesus ceased to exist. Close to the ruins of Ephesus is the modern town of Selçuk. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Schuerer, Gesch, 3 (19094), 15f.; Juster, Juifs, 1 (1914), 190; E. Stein, Histoire du Bas-Empire (1949), 309f.; J. Klausner, Mi-Yeshu ad Paulus, 2 (19512), 87, 91–97. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: C. Foss, Ephesus After Antiquity (1978); R.E. Oster, A Bibliography of Ancient Ephesus (1987); A. Bammer, Ephesos: Stadt an Fluss und Meer (1988); E.C. Blake and A.C. Edmonds, Biblical Sites in Turkey (1998). (Abraham Schalit / Shimon Gibson (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Ephesus — • A titular archiespiscopal see in Asia Minor, said to have been founded in the eleventh century B.C. by Androcles, son of the Athenian King Codrus, with the aid of Ionian colonists Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Ephesus     Eph …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Ephesus — Ephesus, GA U.S. town in Georgia Population (2000): 388 Housing Units (2000): 170 Land area (2000): 3.033525 sq. miles (7.856793 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.033525 sq. miles (7.856793 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Ephesus, GA — U.S. town in Georgia Population (2000): 388 Housing Units (2000): 170 Land area (2000): 3.033525 sq. miles (7.856793 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.033525 sq. miles (7.856793 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • EPHESUS — urbs Ioniae, Emporium totius Asiae citer. celeberrimum, Amazonum opus, quemadmodum et Iustin. scribit l. 2. c. 4. et Plin. retulit. l. 5. c. 29. Haec civitas loco cavo olim habitata diluvium passa est, quo cum plurimi exstincti essent, Lysimachus …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Ephesus — Ephĕsus (grch. Ephĕsos), im Altertum eine der ion. Zwölfstädte an der Westküste Kleinasiens, unweit der Mündung des Kaystros, bedeutende Handelsstadt mit berühmtem Artemistempel (Artemision, von Herostratos 356 angezündet); 431 fand das dritte… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ephesus — Ephesus, die Hauptstadt in Ionien, im alten Griechenland, war der Sage nach von Amazonen erbaut worden. Hier stand der berühmte Tempel der Artemis (Diana) und eine große Menge von Prachtgebäuden. – Jener weltberühmte Tempel brannte 400 Jahre vor… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Ephesus — Ephesus, uralte Stadt in Kleinasien, später durch jonische Einwanderer aus Athen unter Androklus, dem Sohne des Kodrus, besetzt, theilte die Schicksale der kleinasiatischen Griechen, war aber noch unter röm. Herrschaft eine wohlbevölkerte und… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Ephesus — Greek city in ancient Asia Minor, center of worship for Artemis, Gk. Ephesos, traditionally derived from ephoros “overseer,” in reference to its religious significance, but this might be folk etymology …   Etymology dictionary

  • Ephesus — [ef′i səs] ancient Greek city in W Asia Minor, near what is now Izmir, Turkey: site of a large temple of Artemis ( c. 550 B.C. A.D. 260) …   English World dictionary

  • Ephesus — Infobox Settlement official name = Ephesus (Polytonic|Ἔφεσος) other name = (Efes) native name = Ancient City of Anatolia imagesize = 280px image caption = The Celsus LibraryLocation map Turkey label=Ephesus label size=100 lat=37.939722… …   Wikipedia


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